Learning Objectives

After completion of course, participants will 1. Verbalize a working definition of the Written Expression Disorder, dysgraphia as classified under Specific Learning Disability. They will easily share this definition with colleagues and lay persons according to the guidelines laid out by the educational classification defining dysgraphia. 2. Delineate dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia so that they can summarize their classroom observations. 3. Summarize a gross description of the neural pathway connections for reading and writing. 4. Design a lesson plan or treatment intervention to improve retention of spelling and vocabulary using the techniques instructed based on Motor Learning Theory.

CEUs

Weekly Course Content


Week

Subject


Week 1

Definition and Impact


Week 2

Decoding the Neural Pathways


Week 3

Decoding the visual system


Week 4

Applying it to the classroom


Week 5

Case Studies


Week 6

Practicum



Each week will also include 2 discussion board questions: 1-2 hours


Week One: Definition and Impact 


Emerging writers do not always translate what they see and hear to written expression well. Dysgraphia is defined by the IDA as “a condition of impaired letter writing by hand” or handwriting (Berninger & Wolf, 2018). In contrast, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) (APA, 2013) does not define dysgraphia as a specific identifiable diagnosis. It is mentioned as a symptom under the criterion of a Specific Learning Disability, Neurodevelopmental Disorders section.  The Types of Dysgraphia is a method of explaining the developmental process and the neural glitches that occur.

This session will also review reading and writing, decoding and encoding, typical development and explains the obstacles created by dyslexia. Reading is divided into five main categories: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary development, reading fluency, and reading comprehension. Each of these categories has different subcategories. 

This session will close with the impact of writing. The word encoding is a method of expressing the concept of taking information, storing it, and retrieving it to be used as new material. The process is like computer-based information storage. In education, it means handwriting.   This section compares typical encoding and dysgraphia.


Instructional Time and methods per module: 15 hours 

          Videos with PDF files 

                    What is Dysgraphia?

                    Stages of Reading

                    Stages of Writing

          2 classroom assignments

                    Compare and contrast writing programs

                    Instruct a related service provider in DIBELS

Share how this assessment can enhance continuum of instruction between disciplines.

          Reflection paper

                    What was learned?  How has the instruction influenced the classroom?

          Suggested readings:

                    Handwriting Brain Body DisConnect Chapters 1-3 

                    Journal articles provided via pdf

                              

Week Two: Decoding the Neural Pathways 


The brain controls everything a person does, sees, and hears. The process of writing is divided into three partsHandwriting is the mechanical part. This part of the process includes the letter formation, the location a letter is placed on the writing paper, and the neural pathway that is created in the process. Parts two and three are the language and cognitive portions. The language portion of the process is the development of sentence structure.  This part contains the grammar, syntax, and basic skills in creating a sentence. The cognitive component is the final piece. It occurs after a child understands the basics of how to write letters and words to create sentences. Once a child can put all three pieces together, the neural pathways of creativity will form paragraphs and essays. This session provides an overview at the functions of the nervous system is terms that teachers and parents can comprehend. 

This session will review the major areas of neural pathways impacting reading and writing.  The brain and sensory-motor systems will be included.




Instructional Time and methods per module: 15 hours 

          Videos with PDF files 

                    Brain anatomy for reading and writing

                    Sensory

                    Motor

                    Supplemental videos


          2 classroom assignments

Describe observations of a student during a writing assignment and discuss posture and other descriptions what is seen during writing. Identify Specially Designed Instruction in place.


Identify the Control, Accuracy, Precision, and Speed (CAPS) strengths and weakness present


Write a role play script on how you are going to discuss sensory-motor information with another colleague. 


Share how this assessment can enhance continuum of instruction between disciplines.

          Reflection paper

                    What was learned?  How has the instruction influenced the classroom?


          Suggested readings:

                    Handwriting Brain Body DisConnect Chapters 4-7 

                    Journal articles provided via pdf


Week Three: Decoding the visual system 


The visual system is the most prominent sensory system used to gather information from our senses in a classroom setting.  Yes, the other senses can impact attention.  However, keeping up with the teacher in a regular education classroom is 50% vision, 50% the rest of the sensory systems. Decoding the visual system begins with a brief explanation of eye anatomy and ocular motor function and how the information is interpreted by the brain.  This session reviews different aspects of visual perceptual relationships and the integration of the motor system. 


Instructional Time and methods per module: 15 hours 

          Videos with PDF files 

                    DECODING Vision

                    DECODING Memory

                    DECODING Visual Memory

                    Supplemental videos


          2 classroom assignments

Play 2 board games and observe how visual memory is impacted. 

          

Reflection paper

                    For Vision and Memories 

What was learned?  How has the instruction influenced the classroom?

          

Suggested readings:

                    Handwriting Brain Body DisConnect Chapters 7-10

                    Journal articles provided via pdf


Week Four: Applying it to the classroom 


This session synchronizes sessions one, two, and three and teaches practical and functional applications to the classroom that do not add tasks for the teacher to perform but transform your teaching style.  These ideas are alternative strategies to enhance your current curriculum.  They can be easily taught to a parent of a child needing extra support.  Specific strategies are shared for spelling and vocabulary.  Teachers can build on these strategies across the curriculum. This session is rounded out by applying these strategies to learning support and special education needs for goals, accommodations, and modifications for specialty designed instruction. 


Instructional Time and methods per module: 15 hours 

          Videos with PDF files 

                    ENCODING Dysgraphia

                              Visual-Spatial

                              Motor

                              Memory

                              Word

                              Sentence

                              Paragraph


          2 classroom assignments

                    Worksheet analysis

                              What can be identified making the worksheet difficult for children with dysgraphia?

                              Design a movement game to a spelling word and record/upload video into discussion board.

                                                  

          Reflection paper

                    What was learned?  How has the instruction influenced the classroom?

          

Suggested readings:

                    Handwriting Brain Body DisConnect Chapters 11-17

                    Journal articles provided via pdf



Week Five: Review of Case Studies

Five case studies will be presented.  Design two lesson plans or treatment interventions, based on your discipline, will be completed.


Instruction time and methods per module: 15 hours

          PDF of the five case studies will be provided

          


Week Six: Practicum

Case studies will be presented via upload to the Discussion Board.   You will be required to comment on each study. 

          

Instruction time and methods per module: 5 hours

Upload a pdf file discussing the case studies and video delivering the lesson plans or intervention plans design


Write a reflection paper summarizing the influence of this course on your daily classroom delivery.


Post test

          

All assignments must be completed by the end of the eight-week window.

CEUs